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Prison Reform

Ongoing Cases

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Criminal Justice

Mozambique: Challenging privileged conditions in prison for the rich

On 24 May 2023, 2000 Mozambican citizens, under the leadership of lawyer and human rights activist, Maria Alice Mabota, filed a petition before the Constitutional Council against section 8(2) of…
Criminal Justice

Malawi: Case concerning malnutrition in prisons

Background The Constitution of the Republic of Malawi states in Section 42(1)(b) that “every person who is detained, including every sentenced prisoner, shall have the right to be detained under…
Criminal Justice

Malawi: Seeking an effective and humane response to MDR-TB in prisons

Case Citation: Banda & Others v the Attorney General & Others (Constitutional Case No 120 of 2018), Zomba District Registry; Makwiza & Another v the Attorney General & Others (Civil…
Criminal Justice

Malawi: Enforcing prisoners’ right to adequate nutrition

SALC is working with the Centre for Human Rights Education Advice and Assistance (CHREAA) in Malawi to support a case brought by a prisoner, Mr James Gremu, and CHREAA on…

Completed Cases

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Criminal Justice

Zambia: Health rights of HIV-positive prisoners

SALC is working with the Legal Resources Foundation in Zambia to secure the rights of HIV-positive prisoners to treatment, adequate food and improvements to prison conditions. The applicant inmates alleged…
Criminal Justice

Malawi: Challenging the imprisonment of children

Factual Background In 2018, a case was brought by civil society organisations were concerned that the conditions in Bvumbwe and Kachere prisons are deplorable and not in the best interests…
Criminal Justice

Lesotho: Palliative care for military prisoners

SALC supported a case brought by private lawyer, Advocate Mole Kumalo, to compel the Lesotho Defense Force (LDF) to permit a soldier being held in detention to access medical care,…

Botswana: Securing access to HIV treatment for prisoners

SALC worked with the Botswana Network on Ethics, Law and AIDS (BONELA) to challenge the Botswana government’s policy of refusing HIV treatment to non-citizen prisoners. Citizen prisoners were entitled to…


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Regulate clemency to protect sexual abuse survivors

IOL 1 June 2023 By Tambudzai Gonese-Manjonjo The recent presidential clemency/amnesty that saw scores of serving prisoners being released from Zimbabwe’s prisons has raised many topical issues. Zimbabwe’s prisons are…
image of barbed wire

Madagascar: Prisoners are the invisible victims of the environmental crisis

In Madagascar, climate change is a growing threat to the country’s prison population. Recent weather events have worsened the already poor conditions of the country’s prisons, and the need for…

Student’s rape case attracts CSOs attention

On 25 February 2021, The Nation reported about a girl who was raped in police custody. Read the article here.  

Malawi: Human rights during a lockdown

The Weekend Nation 25 April 2020 Victor Mhango from the Centre for Human Rights Education, Advice and Assistance (CHREAA) and Anneke Meerkotter and Chikondi Chijozi from the Southern Africa Litigation…


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Civic Rights

SALC submission on Zimbabwe’s 3rd universal periodic review

Zimbabwe is in the midst of an economic crisis, which has only been exacerbated by the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. Lockdown restrictions have led to a decrease in manufacturing,…
Civic Rights

2019-2021 Biennial report

SALC's biennial report captures activities for March 2019 to February 2021. Read the report here.
Criminal Justice Criminal Law Reform

Joint Stakeholder Submission: Universal Periodic Review of Tanzania

In March 2021, an anonymous human rights defender from Tanzania, SALC and SRI made a joint stakeholders submission for the Tanzania UPR 39th session. Read the submission here.
Criminal Justice

Zambia: Submission on the review of the penal code and criminal procedure code

SALC made submission on the review of the Zambian penal code and criminal procedure code. Read the submission here.