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By 15 August 2015January 16th, 2023Civic Rights, SADC3 min read

Issued by:        The Coalition for an Effective SADC Tribunal

Date:               14 August 2015

On the eve of the SADC Heads of State Summit on Sunday 16th August the Coalition for an effective SADC Tribunal calls on heads of state to uphold the rule of law and human rights in the region by reinstating the SADC Tribunal.

In August 2014, contrary to the SADC Treaty of which Article 23 provides that decisions concerning the community and any affected persons or citizens must be made in consultation with them, the SADC Heads of State adopted a new Protocol on the SADC Tribunal, without any consultation. The SADC did not act in accordance with its own Treaty’s amendment procedures. As such the suspension lacks legality, “inter alia” because the SADC Treaty does not allow for suspension.

The new Protocol removes access to the Tribunal by individuals and legal persons, and removes its human rights mandate. To date the Protocol has been signed by nine member states, but will enter into force thirty days after ten countries have ratified it. It is not yet clear as to whether any country has actually ratified the Protocol through their national parliaments.

The Coalition for an effective SADC Tribunal is committed to championing efforts and advocacy to reinstate the Tribunal as it affects every single citizen and person in the region. The reinstatement would provide legal recourse to people seeking justice once they have exhausted existing legal remedies at the national level.

The disbandment of the old Tribunal and the adoption of the new Protocol effectively disregards the independence of the judiciary, separation of powers and the rule of law. It also impacts negatively on human rights and business confidence across the region.

We urge each SADC head of state to consider the merits of the SADC Tribunal in its original form and the positive impact it will have in the region – socially, economically and in terms of international best practice.


Coalition partners supporting this call include:

NGO Policy Forum – Tanzania

Law Society of South Africa (LSSA) – South Africa

Council of Churches – Swaziland

Centre for Mozambican and International Studies (CEMO) – Mozambique

Human Rights Institute of South Africa (HURISA) – South Africa

Transformation Resource Centre (TRC) – Lesotho

Association for Justice Peace and Democracy (AJPD) – Angola

Media Institute of Southern Africa MISA – Regional

Tanganyika Law Society – Tanzania

Centre for Human Rights, University of Pretoria – South Africa

SADC Lawyers’ Association – Regional

Southern Africa Litigation Centre (SALC) – Regional

SADC CNGO Forum – Regional

Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition – Zimbabwe

Citizen Engagement Platform Seychelles (CEPS) – Seychelles

Centre for Human Rights and Rehabilitation (CHRR) – Malawi

Open Society Initiative for Southern Africa (OSISA) – Regional

African Centre for Justice Innovation –  Regional

International Commission of Jurists (ICJ) –  Global


For more information please contact:

Muluka Miti-Drummond <>

Dorothy Brislin <>


Call to action:

Support the petition to reinstate the SADC Tribunal at the link

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