From 13-15 March 2017, SALC hosted a regional training meeting for African lawyers on Removing Legal Barriers to Prison Health and Rights. Participants, speakers and interested parties are invited to access resources on this page relating to the training. Links to the resource materials are provided below, as arranged according to the Programme. Additional materials may be added from time to time.
Agenda: Optional Evening Session: 14 March – Immigration Detention
Day 1: Monday, 13 March 2017
PANEL: HEALTH AND HIV IN PRISONS
- Dr George Magwende – Presentation: “Health and HIV in Prisons – The Zambia Correctional Service.“
- Presentation: Godfrey Malembeka – “Health and HIV in Prisons” (Zambia).
- Nicolette Jackson – Presentation: “MSF’s Prison Project in Malawi.”
- WHO Guidelines on HIV Infection and AIDS in Prisons (2000).
- Policy Brief: HIV prevention, treatment and care in prisons and other closed settings: a comprehensive package of interventions (2013).
- HIV and Prisons in Sub-Saharan Africa (2007).
- Prisons and Health (2014, WHO).
A KEY-POPULATIONS PRIMER
- Nthabiseng Mokoena – Presentation: “An Introduction to Key Populations.”
UNAIDS Terminology Guidelines (2015).PANEL: INTERNATIONAL AND REGIONAL STANDARDS ON HEALTH RIGHTS AND TREATMENT OF PRISONERS
- Presentation – Annabel Raw: “A Snapshot of International Norms and Standards on Prisoners’ Health Rights.”
- Presentation – Alice Maryvonne Yoro: “La Jurisprudence de la Commission Africaine Relative au Droit a la Sante des Detenus.”
- United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (the Nelson Mandela Rules) (2015). [English][Français]
- Guidelines and Measures for the Prohibition and Prevention of Torture, Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment of Punishment in Africa (The Robben Island Guidelines).
- Body of Principles for the Protection of All Persons under Any Form of Detention or Imprisonment (1988, UN General Assembly).
- UN Rules for the Treatment of Women Prisoners and Non-Custodial Sanctions for Women Offenders (the Bangkok Rules) (2010) [English] [Français] [ Português]
- United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (“The Beijing Rules”).
- United Nations Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty (1990, UN General Assembly).
- Basic Principles for the Treatment of Prisoners: resolution / adopted by the General Assembly (1990). [English] [Francais]
- Ouagadougou Declaration on Accelerating Prison and Penal Reform in Africa (2002).
- General Comment 1 (Article 30 of the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child) on: Children of Incarcerated and Imprisoned Parents and Primary Caregivers (2013, African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Child). [English] [Français]
- General Comment 10: Children’s Rights in Juvenile Justice (2007, UN Committee on the rights of the Child). [English]
- Minimum Standards for HIV and AIDS, TB, Hepatitis B and C, and Sexually Transmitted Infections Prevention, Treatment, Care and Support in Prisons in the SADC Region.
- Kampala Declaration on Prison Conditions in Africa (1996).
- Arusha Declaration on Good Prison Practice (1999).
- United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for Non-custodial Measures (The Tokyo Rules) (1990).
- UN Human Rights Council, Report of the Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, 5 January 2016, A/HRC/31/57.
INTERSECTIONALITY PANEL: UNIQUE CHALLENGES OF VULNERABILITY IN DETENTION (PART 1)
- Presentation – Jennifer Williams: “Women in Detention”.
- Handbook on Women and Imprisonment (2014, UNODC).
- Women and HIV in Prison Settings (2008, UNODC).
- Women in Pre-Trial Detention in Africa (2014, Ackerman).
- Williams and Others v Mininister of Homes Affairs and Others (Zimbabwe) 2014.
- Benyam Dawit Mezmur – Presentation: “Child health and prisons in Africa.”
- A Shared Sentence: Children of Imprisoned Parents in Uganda: A report on the implementation of General Comment No.1 (Article 30 of the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child) (2015).
People with disabilities
- Felicia Mburu – Presentation: “Persons with Disabilities in Detention.”
INTERSECTIONALITY PANEL: UNIQUE CHALLENGES OF VULNERABILITY IN DETENTION (PART 2)
- Ricky Nathanson – Presentation: “Vulnerabilities of LGBT Persons in Detention.”
- Colbert Ojiambo – Presentation: “Intersex Persons in Detention in Kenya.”
- LGBTI Persons Deprived of their Liberty: A Framework for Preventative Monitoring (2015, APT & Penal Reform International). [English] [Français]
- Branden Njukia Muracia – Presentation: “Vulnerabilities of Sex Workers in Detention.”
People who Use Drugs
- Presentation – Hilton Nyamukapa: “People who use drugs”.
Day 2: Tuesday, 14 March 2017
DRAFT: Select Compendium of Southern African Domestic Case Law on the Health Rights of Prisoners and Persons in Detention.
PANEL: A HUMAN RIGHTS’ APPROACH TO TB
- Heena Narotam presentation: “Surviving TB”.
- Colleen Daniels presentation: “Legal Barriers to Effective TB Prevention and Treatment in Prisons.”
- Litigation as TB-Rights Advocacy (2016, McBroom.)
- TB, Human Rights and the-Law: A Case Compendium (2017, 1st Edition).
- Stop TB Partnership: Key Populations Brief – Prisoners.
- Guidance on the ethics of tuberculosis prevention, care and control (2010 WHO). [English] [Français]
- Ng’etich and Others v the Attorney General and Others (Kenya) 2014.
- Lee v Minister of Correctional Services and Others (south Africa) 2012.
PANEL: PRISON CONDITIONS AND OVERCROWDING LITIGATION
- Presentation – Anneke Meerkotter: “Brown v Plata (USA)”.
- Fostino Maele – Presentation: “The Masangano Case (Malawi).”
- Handbook on Strategies to Reduce Overcrowding in Prisons (2010, UNODC).
- Sonke Gender Justice v the Government of South Africa (South Africa) 2017.
- Masangano v the Attorney General (Malawi) 2009.
- Mwanza and Others v the Attorney General (Zambia) 2016.
- Brown v Plata (USA) 2011.
- ECtHR Factsheet: Detention Conditions and Treatment of Prisoners (2016).
PANEL: ACCESS TO TREATMENT LITIGATION
- Presentation – Tshiamo Rantao: “The Attorney General and Others v Tapela and Others.”
- Tapela and Others v Attorney General and Others (Botswana Court of Appeal) 2015.
- B and Others v Minister of Correctional Services (South Africa) 1997.
- Odafe and Others v Attorney general and Others (Nigeria) 2004.
- EN and Others v The Government of the Republic of South Africa and Others [Westville Prisons] (South Africa) 2006: [Judgment 1] [Judgment 2] [Applicants’ Heads of Argument]
- Muzanenhamo v Officer in Charge CID Law and Order (Zimbabwe) 2013.
- European Court of Human Rights – Fact Sheet: Prisoners’ Health-Related Rights (2017).
PANEL: PRE-TRIAL DETENTION
- Presentation Lukas Muntingh: “Pretrial Detention and Health”.
- Presentation Tina Lorizzo: “Research and Litigation before the Mozambique Constitutional Council”.
- Koffi Leon Kouame Presentation: “Prolonged Pre-Trial Detention before ECOWAS.”
- African Innovations in Pre-Trial Justice (2015, Redpath).
- A Comparative Study of Bail Legislation in Malawi, Mozambique and Burundi (2016, Peterson).
- Alade v the Federal Republic of Nigeria (ECOWAS) 2012. [English Judgment] [Application Eng] [Demande Français]
- Guidelines on the Conditions of Arrest, Police Custody and Pre-Trial Detention in Africa (African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights)
- Affaire Ibrahim SORY TOURE contre la République de Guinée [Francais].
PANEL: CRIMINAL JUSTICE REFORM
- Presentation – Lukas Muntingh: Criminal Justice and Health
- Presentation – Victor Mhango – “The Vendor that Challenged and Changed the Law”.
- Presentation – Hilton Nyamukapa: “Drug Policy Reform”.
- Criminal Justice Reform as HIV Prevention in African Prisons (2012, Todrys and Amon)
- Gwanda v the State (Malawi) 2017.
- Ethical and human rights imperatives to ensure medication-assisted treatment for opiod dependence in prisons and pre-trial detention (2008, Bruce et al).
PANEL: SENTENCING, PAROLE AND MEDICAL RELEASE
- Anneke Meerkotter – Presentation: “Sentencing primary caregivers.”
- Presentation – Mole Kumalo – Access to healthcare and medical release in military detention in Lesotho.
- Makoni v the Commissioner of Prisons and Another (Zimbabwe) 2016.
Day 3: Wednesday, 15 March 2017
PANEL: TORTURE IN DETENTION
- Mothepa Shadung presentation: “Tools of Torture: The Use of Electric Shock Equipment in Detention.”
- Peter Kiama presentation: “The Use of Forensic Medical Reports in Seeking Legal Redress for Torture Victims.”
- Advocates Christopher Lephuting and Monaheng Rasekoai: “Torture in Military Detention in Lesotho.”
- Torture in Healthcare Settings: Reflections on the Special Rapporteur’s 2013 Thematic Report (Center for Human Rights and Humanitarian Law).
- Combating Torture: A Manual for Judges and Prosecutors (2003, Foley). [English] [ Português]
- General Comment 3 of the Committee against Torture: Implementation of Article 14 by State Parties (2012).
- Legal Frameworks to Prevent Torture in Africa (2016, REDRESS).
- Istanbul Protocol.
DISCUSSION SESSION: ENFORCEMENT OF LEGAL ORDERS IN A PRISON CONTEXT
- Summary of questionnaire results: “Ethical Challenges for Lawyers with Detained Clients.”
- See also: Prison conditions in South Africa and the role of public interest litigation since 1994 : current developments / case notes.
- South African Journal on Human Rights, (2011 Jansen and Achiume).
- Prisoners’ Rights Litigation in South Africa since 1994: A Critical Evaluation (2003, De Vos).
DISCUSSION SESSION: ETHICAL CHALLENGES FOR LAWYERS WITH DETAINED CLIENTS
- Anneke Meerkotter presentation: “Enforcement of Legal Orders in the Prison Context.”
- International Principles on the Conduct for the Legal Profession (2011, International Bar Association).
- Litigating Cases of HIV-Testing and Confidentiality of Status (2012, SALC).
PANEL: LOCAL ALLIES IN PRISON REFORM
- Presentation – Victor Mhango: “The Role of Paralegals in Promoting Access to Justice in Formal and Informal Justice Systems.”
- Folusho Olakunle – Presentation: “Human Rights Commissions.”
- Carolyn Raphaely – Presentation: “The Media.”
- Treatment Action Campaign v Minister of Correctional Services and Another (South Africa) 2008.
PANEL: INTERNATIONAL ALLIES IN PRISON REFORM
- Aquinaldo Mandlate – Presentation: “Special Mechanisms in the UN Sytem and African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights.”
- Presentation : Papa Abdoulaye Deme – “The UNDP” [Francais].
- Bechir N’Daw – Presentation: UNAIDS.
- Directory of UN Special Procedures Mandate Holders (2016). [English]
- Committee Against Torture: Model Complaint Form.
- Working with the United Nations Human Rights Programme: A Handbook for Civil Society (2008, OHCHR). [English]
- Filing a Communication before the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights: A Complainant’s Manual (2013).
- ICRC, “Combating HIV, TB and Malaria in Detention: Uganda’s Experience (2014).
OPTIONAL EXTRA SESSION: IMMIGRATION DETENTION
Tuesday 14 March: 18:00-20:00
- Presentation – Junita Calder: “Vulnerability Screening Tool”.
- Presentation – Junita Calder: Alternatives to Detention (CAP).
- Monitoring Immigration Detention: A Practical Manual (APT, IDC and UNHCR) [English] [Francais]
- There Are Alternatives: A Handbook for Preventing Unnecessary Immigration Detention (2015) [English][Francais]
- Vulnerability Screening Tool [English]
- Alternatives to Immigration Detention in Africa (2017).